Learning that you are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes will literally crash your world. You find yourself that for the first days you are sulking about the disease and what it might do that will affect your lifestyle. But as time goes by and slowly you accept the reality of the disease that hit you, you will start to educate yourself about Type 2 diabetes facts. It will initially give a whole new knowledge and change your misconception about the disease.
As you go along the way in facing and fighting this disease, you must be armed with some important facts that you need to know about Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Your blood sugar level increases tremendously because your body is not producing enough insulin or your body becomes immune to its own insulin.
Type 2 diabetes was known before as adult onset diabetes. Races that will highly develop diabetes are the Latinos, African Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders and old population.
Common symptoms in this disease are frequent urination, extreme hunger and thirst, fatigue, extreme weight gain or loss, blurred vision and slow healing from bruises or minor cuts. There are no specific factors that can trigger anyone to develop diabetes. But it largely occurs to those who are overweight, consumes too much sugar and has a family history of the disease.
Medical professionals recommended adults who are 45 years old and above and are overweight need to be tested with Type 2 diabetes. If the result comes out clean and normal, it is advised to get tested again after three years. But if the result is in borderline be tested again. If it is the same results, then you definitely have diabetes. For those who are younger than 45 years old and overweight, screenings should be done to know if they are at risk in developing diabetes or some cardiovascular diseases.
Tests that are done to know if you have diabetes are Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS), Random Blood Sugar Test and Glycated Hemoglobin (A1C) Test. All these tests can gauge your blood sugar level and the it is expressed in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). For A1C test, the result comes in the form of percentage. If your blood sugar level is below the normal range, you are in prediabetes stage, which means that you have a high risk in developing diabetes.
With diabetes, you also have to change your eating habits. Avoid sugar as it easily spikes up your sugar level. Eat only food that are low in fat and calories and always maintain a well- balanced meal. You can ask your doctor about what kinds of food you need to consume and avoid. If you are really into sweets, there are natural sweeteners that you can substitute to table sugar. You can also browse in books and over the Internet about healthy diabetic recipes that can help you in diversifying you meals.
Exercise. You can include exercise in your diet because studies show that you can get a lot of benefits from it. Just stick to easy and less strenuous exercises for 20 to 30 minutes a day thrice a week.